Readings: Exodus 20:1-17/ 1 Corinthians 1:22-25/ John 2:13-25
3rd Sunday of Lent

In the gospel reading, Jesus cleansed the Temple of Jerusalem and thereafter referred to his body as the Temple (John 2:13-25).  St. Paul, in turn, makes us understand that we are also the Temple of God by his rhetoric question: ‘Do you not know that you are the Temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?’ (1 Cor. 3:16).  Hence, the theme of this homily is: ‘The Church as Temple of God’.

The construction of a physical temple begins with its architectural design; then follows the choice and use of building materials.  After the construction, sacrifices are offered in the temple.  Let us, therefore, look at the architecture, building materials and sacrifices of the Church as God’s Temple.  In addition, let us try to answer the question:  Has Christ’s vision of constructing the Church as God’s Temple been realized in our lives?

  1. Architecture: God’s architecture or plan in establishing the Church as the body of Christ and Temple of God where the Holy Spirit dwells is that it would be a holy community of faith and love, which is a sign and instrument of hope and salvation.
  2. Building Materials: The building materials of the Church are the living stones of Christ and human beings, decorated with faith, hope, charity, holiness, unity, justice, compassion, honesty, chastity, etc.
  3. Sacrifice: Various forms of sacrifices are offered in the Church as God’s Temple. First and foremost are the merits of the sacrifice of Christ. Then, we have the sacrifices of the apostles, martyrs, other saints and those of all other Christians.
  4. Realization: Has Christ’s vision for establishing the Church been realized? The answer is: yes and no. It is yes, because, the sacrifices of Christ, the apostles, the martyrs, other saints and other Christians have been offered.

On the other hand, the answer is no, because of the sins of the human members of the Church.  By our sins, we turn the Temple of God into a marketplace. As Jesus noticed in Jerusalem 2000 years ago, we are buying and selling in the Church (e.g. The gospel is being commercialized; holy water and holy oils are being sold, just as fake herbal medicine peddlers do).

Secondly, as in the Jerusalem Temple, exchange of money is going on in the Church (e.g. tickets for appointments with some pastors are obtained at a fee; certain blessings are given at various monetary prices). Thirdly, as in a marketplace, today there is a lot of noise making in the Church.

Fourthly, as in a marketplace, there are cheatings and deceptions in the Church (e.g. false testimonies; pastors consulting local/native shrines, where they are required to perform strange rites to obtain miraculous powers.  For instance, a few years ago, a Ghanaian newspaper reported the strange sight of a pastor ‘sleeping’ with a sheep).

Conclusion: Dear Christians (leadership and ordinary membership alike), let us arise (as Nehemiah told his people) and rebuild the Temple of God by:

  • repenting from acts which turn the Temple into a marketplace;
  • making personal spiritual sacrifices; and
  • using the materials of faith, hope, charity, holiness, unity, justice, compassion, honesty, charity, etc.


By Very Rev. Fr. John Louis

Bishop John Kobina Louis

Most Rev. John Kobina Louis is an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Accra, Ghana. More about him here.

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Catholic Homilies and Sermons for the Liturgical Year by Most Rev. John Kobina Louis, auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Accra, Ghana.

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