READINGS: Exodus 12:1-8, 11-14/ 1 Corinthians 11:23-26/ John 13:1-15
Holy Thursday


On Holy Thursday, we commemorate the Last Supper of our Savior Jesus Christ.  On that fateful night before His agony in the garden, arrest, suffering and crucifixion, our Savior washed the feet of His disciples (cf. John 13:1-15) and instituted the Eucharistic sacrifice of His Body and Blood (cf. 1 Cor. 11:23-25; Mark 14:22-24; Matt. 26:26-28).

According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, Christ instituted the Holy Eucharist “in order to perpetuate the sacrifice of the cross throughout the ages until He should come again, and so to entrust to His beloved Spouse, the Church, a memorial of His death and resurrection: a sacrament of love, a sign of unity, a bond of charity, a Paschal banquet in which Christ is consumed, the mind is filled with grace, and a pledge of future glory is given to us” (CCC #1323).  This homily focuses on only the aspect of the memorial of the sacrificial death of Christ.


The old covenant that God established with the people of Israel, after He had delivered them from slavery in Egypt was sealed with the blood of animals that the Israelites sacrificed (Exo. 24:3-8).  When the old covenant became obsolete and it no longer had any effect, due to the unfaithfulness of God’s people, He established a new and better covenant.  This new covenant has been sealed, not with the blood of animals, but with the precious blood of Jesus Christ through His one perfect sacrifice on the cross (cf. Heb. 9:11-15).

Now, the night before His sacrificial death, Christ offered bread as His body (to be broken on the cross) and wine as His blood which seals the new covenant.  Thus, of the cup of wine, Christ said: “this is my blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins” (Matt. 26:28; cf. Luke 22:20).  This means that the Eucharist which Christ instituted the night before His death on the cross is closely linked with the actual sacrificial death.  Hence, since He said that we should celebrate the Eucharist in memory of Him (Luke 22:19), anytime we celebrate it, the sacrifice of Calvary is re-presented (i.e., it is made present again).  This is affirmed by St. Paul: “whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup you proclaim the death of the Lord until He comes again” (1 Cor. 11:26).

Thus, already at the Last Supper Jesus Christ had all of us in mind. This is very obvious in His priestly prayer at the Last Supper.  He prayed thus: “Father I pray not only for these [my disciples], but for all those who would come to believe through them” (John 17:20).  So, Jesus concerned that you and I would not be at Calvary, and even if we were there, we would not have understood why He was dying such a painful and humiliating death, instituted the sacrament of the Eucharist, so that anytime we celebrate it the redemptive merits of His sacrifice would be made available to us anew.   In short, then, the Eucharist perpetually makes present for us the sacrificial death of Jesus and its redemptive merits (cf. CCC #1323).


Indeed, every Eucharistic celebration is a return in spirit to the perfect sacrifice on Mount Calvary. Therefore, the spiritual fruits of the sacrifice of Christ abound for us in the Eucharist.  Here, let me mention just three of them.  Firstly, in the Eucharist, the endless ocean of the precious blood of Christ flows to wash away ours sins.  Secondly, in the Eucharist, the deliverance and protective power of the blood is made available.  Thirdly, in the Eucharist, the grace of eternal life abounds.

Hence, for every Eucharistic celebration, we should prepare ourselves well and participate fully to savor these and other spiritual fruits. This means that before every celebration, we should have confessed ours (mortal) sins, be on time for the celebration, have the right disposition of faith that we are encountering anew Christ the eternal High Priest, who is offering Himself as the sacrificial Lamb on the altar of the cross of Calvary, and then consciously and actively participate in it.

May we who so prepare and participate in the Eucharist enjoy forever the fruits of the sacrifice of Christ.  Amen!

By Most Rev. John Kobina Louis

Bishop John Kobina Louis

Most Rev. John Kobina Louis is an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Accra, Ghana. More about him here.

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Catholic Homilies and Sermons for the Liturgical Year by Most Rev. John Kobina Louis, auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Accra, Ghana.

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